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Elon Musk offers $ 100 million for technology to reduce CO2 levels in the atmosphere

Elon Musk offers $ 100 million for technology to reduce CO2 levels in the atmosphereThe richest man on our planet has finally joined the action to save the Earth from the impending climate catastrophe, but he also wants to create technology that will help in the colonization of Mars.

Musk has assets currently valued at $ 200 billion. Of course, practically the entire amount is invested in many companies and projects, but the head of SpaceX has a lot of blackheads, amounting to at least $ 100 million, which he will gladly invest in technologies that will help our planet breathe from human activity. Such an idea should come as no surprise, if we don't do anything about the climate, all Musk's projects will collapse before they are even created, because there will be no one to use them.

The billionaire has not yet specified the details of his project. More information on this is expected this week. We know, however, that it is about gathering ideas for developing a technology that will allow for the quick, cheap and effective removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere on a large scale, and it would be even better if it would turn it into oxygen or fuel.

It may be controversial, but Musk believes that our planet is safe because humanity will mobilize in the face of a catastrophe and develop technologies to help deal with the problem quickly. Otherwise we would be doomed, and no one would allow it. Humanity, including mega-corporations, has too much to lose. In fact, ideas have been in the minds of engineers for a very long time, they just need to be implemented. For this, money will be needed. The SpaceX boss has them and is about to make practical use of them.

Musk's technology is to focus on removing carbon dioxide that already exists in the atmosphere. This is a big problem because even if we manage to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, it will still be there, e.g. from the last decades of industrial activity. The billionaire would also like this technology to be used to transform Life Hacker live into a second Earth. There is a lot of CO2 in the Martian atmosphere. If it could be turned into life-giving oxygen or fuel, it would be a reason for faster colonization of the planet.

A NASA lander with a rover and a drone is heading towards the Red Planet. The devices will not only search for signs of life, but also conduct some experiments. One of them will be the conversion of CO2 into oxygen and fuel. Scientists believe that if all goes according to plan, Mars will be able to produce enough oxygen for a small group of astronauts to survive there.

The new StoreDot batteries promise to charge electric cars in 5 minutes

The new StoreDot batteries promise to charge electric cars in 5 minutesBatteries - one of the biggest problems on the way to the popularization of electric cars, because they not only limit the range, but also take a long time to refill energy, or at least it has been so until now.

Let us not kid ourselves, we listen to new, groundbreaking solutions in the field of batteries several times a year on average, but despite the enormous commitment of human and financial resources, we have not lived to see a revolution so far. This is especially troublesome in the case of electric cars, which do not charge as easily as smartphones. This time, however, something may be up, because the Israeli startup StoreDot has announced plans to commercialize its batteries, which reflect some energy densities in favor of fast charging, and their wide availability in electric cars should be expected in the next 5 years.

These concrete plans are a nice change from groundbreaking theories that only work in laboratories, which then never turn into real products. It is Its science worth mentioning that in 2019 IBM announced that it had developed a cheap and environmentally friendly battery technology, but somehow, it was lost to hear about it. Therefore, StoreDot's highly detailed plans for mass production and availability suggest that the company has a finished product and is confident in its capabilities. At the moment, 1000 trial lithium-ion batteries have been produced, the charging of which takes about 5 minutes. Equally important, the startup has undertaken to cooperate with an experienced Chinese manufacturer that has been producing batteries for 20 years.

It cannot be denied that this would be a very big step forward in terms of faster and more convenient charging of electric cars, which could allow you to forget about the limited range of such cars. StroreDot showcased its technology on an electric scooter, but the engineering samples are compatible with the international UN 38.3 standard, making the company aim to achieve mass production in the coming years. Of course, provided it finds the right strategic partners among battery market leaders such as Panasonic, Tesla, Samsung or LG Chem.

StoreDot CEO Doron Myersdorf says: `` A team of top scientists has overcome the inherent challenges of fast charging (XFC) such as safety, life cycle and swelling using innovative cell materials and design. (...) This opens the way for the launch of our second generation prototype electric car batteries. The next step is to develop batteries that will provide a range of 160 kilometers, as the new batteries have lower energy densities than the current ones, but you can already count on 80% of the original capacity after 1000 charging cycles.

Biden nominates a supporter of net neutrality as head of the FCC. There will be more censorship

Biden nominates a supporter of net neutrality as head of the FCC. There will be more censorshipThe administration of Joe Biden, the new US president, is beginning to reverse all the changes that occurred under Donald Trump by 180 degrees. Unfortunately, now the companies will have even more power.

Donald Trump and his team lifted net neutrality in 2017. Although at first glance it may seem that they have committed an attempt on the freedom of the global network, they have in fact tore the power over it from the hands of such giants as Facebook, Google, Amazon and Twitter and handed it to Internet service providers (ISPs).

At that time, the US Federal Communications Commission explained that the giants of the internet market who manage websites such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc. only care about sky-high profits and global monopoly, which is a huge threat to the freedom and independence of the Internet.

The actions of the FCC were aimed at ending this practice and transferring power over the network to operators and telecoms (ISPs), which will be able to develop it much faster and more fairly for ordinary users than before.

After all, Google, Twitter or Facebook every day block uncomfortable content and promote content for which they will be paid handsomely without any obstacles or remorse. Is it fair and is in some way related to freedom and WORLDWIRE No! Therefore, they cannot be given up power over the freedom of the Internet.

That is why they lamented so much that the Donald Trump government and operators could impede access to websites and services of companies that create one big fiction online, they only care about the cash register and create a vision of reality in accordance with their sick ideology for millions of network users.

Unfortunately, now with the new US president, his administration and the new head of the FCC in the form of Jessica Rosenworcel, we will return to the time when mega-corporations had limitless power over the network. We can expect that in the near future the giants will block accounts on Facebook, Twitter and content in the Google search engine with even greater force, and censor content they find inconvenient or hate speech.

In fact, we, ordinary Internet users, will once again become victims of the struggle for money and power. And so, from year to year, the Internet is becoming a growing breeding ground for commerce and fiction. Now that could change for the worse. Let's all hope that these nefarious plans will be stopped, for example by projects created by the father of the global network, Tim Berners-Lee (see here).

A fire at the world's largest vaccine factory. CoVID-19 vaccines were produced there

A fire at the world's largest vaccine factory. CoVID-19 vaccines were produced thereThe fire broke out yesterday at the Serum Institute in Pune, India. The factory produced a variety of vaccines, including Pfizer's competitor CoVID-19 vaccine from AstraZeneca.

Five people died in the fire and dozens were evacuated. The fire appeared in the new buildings of the Serum Institute, where the production of CoVID-19 vaccines from the British AstraZeneca or the American Novavax was to begin. These are vector specifics and are not based on mRNA technology like the Pfizer, BioNTech or Moderna vaccines.

Serum Institute representatives informed on Twitter that the fire did not destroy the production part of the currently used vaccines, but only a new facility that was under construction and was to be put into use in some time. It was to allow increasing the production capacity from 1.5 billion to Cyberbit online billion doses of the preparations annually by the end of 2021.

According to the information provided by the fire brigade, there were several fires on the premises. Authorities said they had successfully secured 50 million doses of vaccines. Most of them were created as part of the COVAX project. Its aim is to increase the availability of vaccines for poor countries and thus equal opportunities for a better quality of life for societies. Unfortunately, the fire will frustrate these plans a bit, especially in the case of CoVID vaccines.

Scientists made the paralyzed mice walk again. What about us?

Scientists made the paralyzed mice walk again. What about us?We have just got to know the very promising results of a study by German scientists who restored the ability to walk in mice paralyzed due to complete damage to the spinal cord.

The team first developed a signaling protein and inserted it into the brains of paralyzed animals, stimulating their nerve cells to regenerate, and has now shared the recipe for its creation with the entire scientific community. Spinal cord injuries are one of the most debilitating, damaged nerve fibers, or axons, are then unable to transmit signals between the brain and muscles, which often results in lower limb paralysis. What's worse, the condition is permanent because the nerve fibers cannot regenerate, or at least until recently.

Previous studies had shown quite promising results in restoring limb functionality through spinal cord stimulation therapy, bypassing the site of damage, or even transplanting previously regenerated nerve fibers, but German scientists from Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) took a completely different path. They have set themselves the goals of repairing damaged axons with a protein they call hyper-interleukin-6 (hIL-6). It is a synthetic version of naturally occurring peptides that have been genetically engineered and modified to stimulate the regeneration of nerve cells.

During their study, the team tested hIL-6 in mice that suffered from complete damage to the spinal cord, resulting in a complete loss of hindlimb control. They packed their protein into a popular carrier and implanted it in the area of ​​the motor cortex, which, as it turned out, not only caused hIL-6 to be naturally produced by neurons around the puncture site, but also transferred to other neurons responsible for actions such as walking. As a result, within 2-3 weeks the mice regained control of their hind legs, often with just one injection. This was surprisingly surprising to them, the researchers said, because it had never been possible before in the case of complete paralysis. It cannot be denied that although this is only an early stage of research, the results are promising and cybernews.world remains to be hoped that scientists will quickly come to human testing.

This is what the transport of a 67 meter long wind turbine rotor blade looks like

This is what the transport of a 67 meter long wind turbine rotor blade looks likeWith each new year there are more and more wind farms in the world. The new turbines already measure up to 260 meters in height, which is why transporting their components to their destination is a risky task.

The Luxembourg company P. Adams Schwertransporte showed on its Facebook profile how turbine components are transported through the towns. It is a very complicated endeavor and it is not intended for the faint of heart.

The most daring task is transporting the rotor blades. Each wind turbine is equipped with three such components. Unfortunately, unlike the main part of the turbine, the blades cannot be disassembled and assembled on site, they have to be transported whole. The photos show the transport of a rotor blade, 67 meters long and weighing 25 tons.

The shovel is not transported flat. The largest ones are set at an angle of 20 to 45 degrees, depending on their length and weight. This makes it easier for vehicles to maneuver in narrow city streets or on steep mountain slopes.

Interestingly, such blades are a piece of cake with the world's largest turbines. The 9MW V164 wind turbine from MHI Vestas Offshore Wind weighs 1,300 tons, is 220 meters high and has 80 meters of blades. One such shovel weighs 38 tons.

However, General Electric built an even larger and more efficient turbine. Haliade-X has a capacity of 12 MW and produces 67 GWh of electricity per year. Only one such turbine is to supply electricity to at least 16,000 households. Haliade-X is 260 meters high and the blades are 107 meters long and weigh over 50 tons. General Electric has already announced the construction of an even larger turbine, which will measure 480 meters in height, and its blades will be up to 200 meters long and weigh up to 100 tons.

Of course, the blades of such giant turbines are not transported across cities. It is simply neither feasible nor safe. Most of them are placed on wind farms away from all buildings, most often also at sea. Then, the transport of elements takes place directly from the factories to the place of destination using specialized ships and platforms.

The Japanese showed more rock samples from an alien celestial body

The Japanese showed more rock samples from an alien celestial bodyScientists opened another part of the container with the samples that came to us in a capsule straight from the Ryugu asteroid. Interestingly, it poses a potential threat to our planet.

In the latest photos published by the Japanese Space Agency on its Twitter profile, we can see the interior of the container, which contains a lot of coal-black dust obtained from the surface of the Ryugu asteroid by the Hayabusa-2 probe. In fact, there are several hundred milligrams of dust, which is not much, but for scientists this amount is enough to analyze and unravel many mysteries related to this object, as well as the history of the solar system's evolution and the appearance of life on our planet.

A capsule with rock samples from the asteroid landed three weeks ago at a military training ground called Woomera, located in South Australia. The material was acquired in 2018 and 2019 by the Japanese Hayabusa-2 probe. The probe's mission lasted 6 years, but all its stages were perfect. It must be emphasized here that it was the most complicated undertaking in the history of the Japanese space industry, as well as of all mankind.

The curation work for the Ryugu sample is steadily progressing. On December 21, sample catcher chambers B

The asteroid Ryugu is over 4 billion years old and poses a potential threat to our planet due to the fact that it is on a collision course with it. The study of samples will therefore allow us to develop technologies that will give us a chance to protect against cosmic rocks. Several of them will become our problem in the next 100 years.

Astronomers believe that Ryugu was once part of larger objects, namely Glade and Eulalia, celestial bodies in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. Both objects experienced collisions with larger objects, and some of them formed Ryugu. The Japanese believe that such objects billions of years ago could have brought to Earth and started the flowering of life as we know it. If in fact it was as they suggest, then life in the universe may be more common than we think. There is also hope that it is hiding from us even on Mars, Venus or the moons of Jupiter and Saturn.

A large number of particles are confirmed to be in “sample chamber A” inside the collected capsule (~ 11: 10 JST on 12/15). This is thought to be the sample from the first touchdown on Ryugu. The photo looks brown, but our team says “black”! The sample return is a great success! pic.twitter.com/34vIx17zOX

Rock samples from the asteroid Ryugu will now be studied for many years. It is worth adding here that they are not the only ones that will land on Earth in the near future and will go to more detailed research in laboratories. A few days ago, Chinese scientists fell into the hands of samples from the Moon's surface, obtained as part of the Chang'e-5 mission. In 2023, an American capsule with samples from the Bennu asteroid will land on Earth. Interestingly, this heavenly body is also on a collision course with our planet, so we are dealing here with missions that are designed to develop technology to protect humanity.

Dark matter is older than the Big Bang and is outside the universe

Dark matter is older than the Big Bang and is outside the universeThe groundbreaking research of scientists from Johns Hopkins University spread like wildfire around the world of astronomy and aroused a lot of controversy. They tell us that the Big Bang was not the beginning.

Until now, astronomers have focused on everything that happened in our universe after the Big Bang. Meanwhile, scientists from the United States have done research that has shown us something that happened before everything was created. It's hard to comprehend, because with the Big Bang there was time and space, so how could anything have been before ?!

Astronomers at Johns Hopkins University described in the journal Physical Review Letters that before the Big Bang there may have been dark matter, which today makes up about 30 percent of our universe's space. Researchers not only explain how dark matter could have formed, but also how it can be identified through astronomical observations.

Dark matter plays a key role in the formation of galaxies and galaxy clusters, so understanding its essence is essential in understanding their formation and the development of the entire universe. Although we cannot observe it directly, we know that it is interacting gravitatively with Baryonic matter.

“The study revealed a new link between particle physics and astronomy. If dark matter is made up of new particles that were born before the Big Bang, they affect the way galaxies are arranged in the sky in unique ways. This combination can be used to reveal their identity and draw conclusions about the pre-Big Bang era, ”said Tommi Tenkanen, associate professor of physics and astronomy at Johns Hopkins University and author of the study.

Many astronomers believe that dark matter may be a leftover from the Big Bang, but so far experiments have failed to confirm this theory. So scientists decided to check whether it could have existed even before the Big Bang.

They used a new, simple mathematical structure in their study. The study showed that dark matter may have formed before the Big Bang in an era known as cosmic chaotic inflation, when space was expanding rapidly. Rapid development is believed to lead to the abundant production of certain types of particles called scalars. So far, only one scalar molecule has been discovered, the famous Higgs boson. The new study also suggests a way to test the origin of dark matter by observing signs of dark matter on the distribution of matter in the universe.

“We don't know what dark matter is, but if it has anything to do with scalar particles, it may be older than the Big Bang. In the proposed mathematical scenario, we do not need to assume new types of interactions between visible and dark matter beyond the gravity that we know is there, 'explains Tenkanen.

Many scientists suggest that our universe is not the only one. It is quite possible that dark matter fills the space outside of our universe where it is located. It is there that other Universes are to exist and form, similar to the principle on which planets were formed in the Solar System.